'don't want to lose the fish

save what you can, while you can!
so here is my first attempt to keeping killifish
one step closer to better understanding the environment.

hi this is a micro on-site log page about micro planted aquariums with in them
micro fish killifish, in words and pictures, with irregular and sketchy UPDATE.

from goldfish, tropicals, maintaining a fully thriving marine fish and coral aquarium


started from scratch and maintained from 2001 to 2004

swiftly moving on, to micro cold water habitats and killifish eggs hatching
the majority of these aquariums are temporary only dwellings for fry and growing up killifish

2014 UPDATEjuly, august, september, october, november, december
2015 UPDATEapril, may,
2016 UPDATEjune, july,
2017 UPDATEjanuary, february, april,

SET UP
aquarium 1 The WholeFoods(M)
aquarium 2 The MayFair

aquarium 3 The ScotchLounge

aquarium 4 The BeastieBoys

aquarium 5 The JamaIsland

aquarium 6 The Swamp
aquarium 7 The BriBrary
..in good faith. Attempting to overcome
what is a very pessimistic outlook..

aquarium 8 The IDontKnowYet (split in transit)
aquarium 9 hopefully The BigAqua a.k.a. The Batman :) (lost in transit)
aquarium 10 The DK Intermediate

PICTURES
aquarium 1
aquarium 2
aquarium 3
...

2014 UPDATEjuly, august, september, october, november, december
2015 UPDATEapril, may,
2016 UPDATEjune, july,
2017 UPDATEjanuary, february, april,

March/April.2017

Sadly, or. . now is the right time to let go


picture of a Killifish provided by instarstudio.com

WARNING: it is important to remember that, under no circumstance must the red tailed Guentheri be crossbred with the blue Guentheri

10.April.2017 08:52 am Gig the largest F.S.Funge male in the group, measures today somewhere between 7.5 - 8 cm in length

15:04 pm a while ago read an article about various clays, some of which can be used in aquariums, not just on one's face. Floating (some in suspension, others at rest) impurities in the water bind to the clay particles, before entering the filter, improving water clarity. I got some samples, bentonite and Rhassool/Ghassool clay (lava clay from the Atlas mountains, Morocco). Am yet to find Mexican red clay. If I read correctly, this red clay contains iron; great if you have red aquarium plants. All clays contain minerals which improve the health and growth of these. I started the experiment by placing pieces of Rhassool clay in some of the killifish' aquariums. The Rhassool clay bits(pictured below) dissolve rapidly, left looking like small pointed mounds, from which escape tiny bubbles. I'm now wondering about Mexican red clay, some hobbyists swear by it. Unlike bentonite which some describe as 'too sticky, slimy'? Mud skippers might benefit. (Who knows!?)

08.April.2017 12:37 pm everyday is Fishday. Today is Saturday

A question was raised, regarding spawning mops (use 100% acrylic wool only, if you make your own), and where they should be placed.

Taken from my limited knowledge on the Sjoestedti killifish:

 

SPAWNING MOPS

1. If using spawning mops, these should be laid flat at the bottom, in your aquarium.

2. A more natural way which I prefer is to, instead of mops, use clumps of stringy Java moss, Christmas moss or other; again place the moss near the bottom, close to the substrate if any. Moss can be attached (using clear fishing thread) to a rock, piece of bog wood or root. The fish love to play, hide in the moss, it is ideal for spawning and doesn't require much lighting. 

(One can then collect the eggs from inside the moss clumps, with a simple eye dropper pipette. + patience and good eyesight)

3. Ideal but a little inconvenient perhaps, is to leave the pair, for 3 weeks, in a dimly lit breeding aquarium, with at the bottom just a layer of peat, preferably coconut coir fibre. (The male and female are fed live food, and are kept in separate aquariums uptil that point.)

I noticed that often more so that the male, the female has a tendency to eat her own eggs, and is quick in doing so. In this case(3.) the eggs would sink below the peat, away from her prying eyes.

 

EGGS

If you've just acquired a young pair of killifish, you might notice that the first eggs will be very soft. If you wish to attempt keeping these soft eggs, they will need to be incubated in aquarium water with added methylene blue which is antibacterial and antifungal (please always do your own research as the task is not as straight forward as put it on this page). Soft eggs especially, are prone to bacterial infection, mould. Any cloudy, white egg must be discarded. Containers and instruments used, such as pipettes must be disinfected, or else the infection might spread to healthy eggs.

 

INCUBATION

Incubation takes approx. 1 to 1 1/2 month.  

As the fish mature, eggs will become tougher. Solid clear eggs can then be bagged and kept in moist coconut coir fibre. With the help of a magnifying lens, check the eggs regularly. When eyes are fully formed, eggs are ready to be wetted.

Coconut coir fibre (peat) is found in a brick form (eBay). Ideal to use as a spawning substrate or as substrate in any killifish's aquarium.

Moss peat is a little muddier, messier.



PREPARING COCONUT COIR FIBRE (PEAT)



To prepare the coconut coir fibre; (just like with pine bark wood chip) I place the loose coir/fibre in a pan of boiling water and let it simmer for 30 mins to an hour, stirring it. While rinsing it several times; until the water becomes clear and the fibre sinks to the bottom of the pan. Remembering not to put too much fibre in the pan like I did the first time; as it soaks up water and expands. Then let it dry on a newspaper and store it.

There is no magic formula. Everything takes time, practice, close observation. All depends on the fish, its environment and, Chance.

May luck be on your and my side.

13:16 pm this week, Thursday I walked to the Aquatic Design Centre fish store, Great Portland Street. It's now closed, with a notice on door saying they're moving/ or have moved to 26, Zennor Trade Park, London. (just in case)

07.April.2017 13:49 pm Gig appreciates Gigi's companionship and Gigi appreciates Gig's. It couldn't be a more perfect combination. The little female Sjoestedti Funge I selected has put on some bulk since she moved in with Gig. Growing much faster than the other females. Pictures upload will have to wait for I have other fishes to take care of.

03.April.2017 16:03 pm slowly getting back to the micro log fish page after having experienced the strangeness of social media, such as Twitter and Face book. Which I'm not really good at. It perhaps would be best if I just uploaded pictures and said less. For my safety and the fishes'.

 

- - - - - - KILLIFISH/ SJOESTEDTI CARE SHEET IDEAS RECAP - - - - - -

Anyway, I have been contemplating creating a care sheet for the Sjoestedti Funge ADL 13/39. Now that I'm letting go of a few pairs on eBay.

Some warnings concerning salt, which I read about:

Although tempting, do not use toxic? table salt or Himalayan salt in your killifish aquarium water. Nor marine aquarium salt (although, due to the added minerals; the small amount of marine aquarium salt used, was beneficial to my plants' growth, when I first started out keeping killifish).

USE SALT TO KEEP VELVET, FIN ROT AT BAY

Now I use freshwater fish aquarium salt by API. The instruction of the packet says, 1/2 a teaspoon of (well-dissolved) salt crystals per 4 litres. Other hobbyists use rock salt.

So just a pinch, if preparing 1 litre of water.

WATER

I used tap water with added conditioner when I started out, (I just measured it again with a TDS meter, it reads 315 ppm). The killifish were fine then. Today, my basic RO/DI (reverse osmosis) filter brings it down to 15 ppm.

HEATING

I do not use a heater in any of the killifish's aquariums.

DECOR, SUBSTRATE

When I collect tree leaves and/or branches from the park, I soak the lot in boiling water for a few hours. Leaves can stay in the pan until they soften and sink; when ready, I rinse them with cool water. Silver maple leaves are tough and will take months to decompose, so are ideal. The fish love to play and hide in between the layers. Like branches and roots, they create an ideal natural resting, shelter for the females. Not to forget various plants, Java fern and plenty of moss.

Current substrate is natural tough pine bark wood chip.

WEEKLY WATER CHANGES

1/3 each week. Occasionally 1/2 or more. The fish notice and hugely appreciate water changes.

FILTRATION

There is no need for much water movement in a killifish aquarium. A sponge filter with extra aeration via an air stone is ideal, along with regular weekly water changes. There are cheap airstones mostly called diffusers which are flat and disc shaped, these produce tiny bubbles + are quieter.

FOOD

live frozen blood worms, brine shrimp are ideal for a killifish. Brine shrimp eggs for the fry and small fish, flake food etc..

DO NOT OVERFEED AND KEEP AQUARIUM COVERED AT ALL TIMES

- - - - - - end of ideas for care sheet - - - - - -

 

17:46 pm Gig is growing nicely. Below is a picture I took of him yesterday, right after his meal. Still looking for blood worms which may be hidden under the pine bark or maple leaves. And on the right is a picture I also took yesterday, one of his little happy mischievous brothers. Again, all eggs hatched at the end of July 2016. Gig developed rapidly. Green, aqua, sometimes blue, colour depends on his mood. Java moss, christmas moss, any moss is loved by all the killi fish, to hide and rest in.

I have for some weeks kept the males and females separate; the fish have become territorial. The females seem more aggressive towards each other than the males do, and can deliver a nasty bite.

I have paired Gig with the largest female I could select from the group. She is very small compared to him, less than half his length. When Gig saw her, he dropped to his knees so to speak, and both stared at each other, immobile, for at least 20 minutes. Since the introduction, Gig has ignored her; I mean, has let her be. There is no chasing, no aggressivity between the two. I'm surprised and impressed by this behaviour. Even during feeding, Gig respects her presence and shows great gentleness; as if aware of his giganticness. I will try measuring him again tomorrow.

It's nearly impossible to photograph him from the side. As soon as I step near the aquarium he stares straight out, and into the lens. I explained to him, that I no longer do portraits.

18:45 pm tomorrow will try to upload pictures of the fascinating Riggenbachi pair with offspring. All live together, harmoniously.

28.March.2017 17:37 pm slight monthly overlap.

mother, let me go. So like a responsible mother, to start with am letting go of two Fundulopanchax Sjoestedti Funge ADL 13-39, via eBay. I hope that the postman will handle the packet with care, and that the pair will arrive safe and sound.

I will miss them, and. .without a doubt forget. Hopefully the pictures below will help me to remember the little Sjoestedtis, which I got to know very well. In advance am wishing the fish's new owner(s) many merry fun years of fish keeping!


This fish doesn't need a heater in summer. I don't use a heater in any of the killifish's aquariums; just make sure that they are kept at a good distance away from any window or draughty area when it starts getting colder.

As for decoration, I found silver maple leaves in Green Park months ago. These are not showing any sign of decomposition, rot, yet. Am definitly going to keep using pine bark wood chip as substrate. It looks natural, provides good shelter for micro fauna, as well as fry. If needed, can be rinsed easily without disintegrating. And just like the maple leaves, the bark isn't showing any sign of decomposition, yet either.

 

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SET UP> back to top

aquarium 1

aquarium: small acrylic container 18 x 8 x 13.5 cm, I use acrylic because I feel it is safer to carry when I need to move it + looks neat. Aquarium 1 has been maturing since early 2014, possibly February. Second week of June 2014, added first fish.

substrate, decoration: one handful of live coral sand + 1-2 inches(it should really be twice that amount for the plants' sake) of crushed coral sand (fine 0.5-1mm), bog wood, Indian almond leaf. black card background.

plants: Echinodorus 'Paul Kloecker', one of my absolute favorite, 4 of 6 x plantlets ordered early 2014, sizes ranging between 3-5 cm(new inner leaves shot out and reached 20 cm in July 2014), Aponogeton Natans (fast growing possibly 1-2cm in 24hrs) small 1cm bulbs, small-medium moss ball, Christmas moss(again ordered a few cuttings in early 2014, it grew really well under the LED G4 bulb), small green Hornwort(oxygenating plant) cutting that was sent with snails I ordered. Stainless-steel meshed wire is used to keep the plants down. A few of the plants' roots are pulled through the mesh and woven across it and then buried in the sand. I must remember that the area surrounding the plants' base needs slight replenishing when the mesh shows through as the covering sand gets moved by snails, or siphoned out during cleaning, by me. The mesh I fear might hurt the fish. +( must try to remember the name of the moss that's growing on bog wood)

lighting: natural light from window and standard telescopic desk lamp, which original halogen 2 pins G4 bulb was switched to a LED bulb. Plants grew well with no algae problems so far under the cool white LED. I have today, 09.July.2014, switched the cool white to warm white LED.

filtration: live plants and substrate(with addition of live marine coral sand) along with regular small water changes work together as a natural biological filter. 1/4 water change 2.3 times a week, using tap water with conditioner and a little well dissolved marine aquarium salt. Salt that is especially made for marine aquariums is safe and also contains many minerals that might even be beneficial to aquarium plants.

inhabitants:

fish: 1 x Guentheri killifish, red tail, male?, transferred rapidly(not recommended) into this set up, only 4 days after hatching (06.June.2014), sole survivor of 3-5 fry.

**This rapid transfer was an experiment which is not recommended. This set-up was mature when the fish moved in, so only one strong baby fish was able to survive by eating live aquarium critters such as copepods, and extra live baby brine shrimp. I did not have micro or banana worm culture at the time, which is quite essential for fry to thrive.**

snails: adult tadpole snails and their new babies, 3 adult Malaysian trumpet snails(essential sand burrowers, cleaners) and their new babies. No rams horns as they ate my Aponogetons, which new leaves ended up looking like small sieves. If you like that look, by all means go for it.

feeding: frozen, vitamin enriched brine shrimp tiny bits 2-3 times a day and hand fed freeze-dried worms snacks, 1 tiny worm 2-3 times a day

water changes: 1/4 water change, 2-3 times per week, tap water with added conditioner and a little well dissolved marine aquarium salt. I read that salt also helps to prevent fungus to grow on the fish; so salt works as an added bonus to help the fish fight off the disease early.

extra notes: I sprinkle a tiny amount of powdered spirulina straight into the water every 3 days, thinking it helps to feed minute critters, I can see that copepods eat it. Spirulina contains nutrients that are possibly also very good for the plants, its iron content might even enhance red colour in plants. The Indian almond leaf, just like bog wood, tints the water slightly tea-colour, to recreate that of the fish's natural habitat; and the fry seem to find it easier to see critters, that wander all over it. Live coral sand although marine, helps the set-up to cycle faster; it is filled with helpful live bacteria and critters such as copepods etc.(Coral is made of calcium, as it dissolve, very slowly, acts as a natural buffer and keeps the PH up, reducing acidity of the water so there will be less need for additives.) Always use conditioner in tap water.

PICTURES> back to top

I had no real plans to construct this page, so apologies for the pictures that were taken randomly and looking a little flimsy; still, useful for record

aquarium 1

meet Poepoe the killifish

pictures below taken 04.August.2014, 1 x Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014

pictures below taken 13.July.2014, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014

pictures below taken 12.July.2014, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014, more pictures

pictures below taken 11.July.2014, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014
Such a joy to be given the opportunity to take care of this beautiful, exotic and energetic tiny living creature
I look forward to raising the blue Guentheri, I hope it thrives as it is very small, and next aquarium set up project

pictures below taken 10.July.2014, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014, ~ one month old killifish

pictures below taken 06.July.2014, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014

pictures below taken end of June 2014 onward, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014

pictures below were taken 2nd week of June 2014 onward, Nothobranchius Guentheri red tail, hatched between 6-10.June.2014

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SET UP> back to top

aquarium 2

aquarium: small acrylic container, 18 x 8 x 27 cm

substrate, decoration: one handful of live coral sand + 1-2 inches of crushed coral sand(same as above), bog wood, indian almond leaf. Perforated cardboard as background to allow natural light through, without it overwhelming the fry. I also covered the front leaving an open circle so that the baby fish can hide behind the sides of the card and feel safe, in case of movement or sudden changes in brightness, in the room.

plants: Echinodorus 'Paul Kloecker', 2 of the 6 plantlets I ordered in early 2014, 2 Aponogeton Natans borrowed from aquarium 1, small-medium moss ball, Christmas moss cuttings from aquarium 1, Hornwort(oxygenating plant) cutting taken from aquarium 1, which I received with snails I had ordered.

lighting: natural light from window and standard angle poise desk lamp, which original bulb I switched to an energy saver 2700K warm white 11w (60w) bulb. Plants are growing well and no algae problems so far.

filtration: live plants and substrate(with addition of live marine coral sand) along with regular small water changes work together as a natural biological filter. 1/4 water changes 2-3 times a week, using tap water with conditioner and a little, well dissolved marine aquarium salt.

inhabitants:

fish: 8 x Aphanius Mento killifish fry, 2 Guentheri killifish red tail fry. 8 Aphanius were transferred ultra rapidly into this set up, only 4 days after hatching, all 8 survived.

**As above, this rapid transfer was an experiment which is not recommended. This time all the fry seem to be thriving because they were fed banana worms 2-3 times a day, since day one.**

snails: adult tadpole snails and their new babies, 3 adult Malaysian trumpet snails(essential sand burrowers, cleaners) and their new babies. No rams horns as they ate my Aponogetons, which new leaves ended up looking like small sieves. If you like that look, by all means go for it.

feeding: the fry was fed live banana worms from start, 2-3 times a day

water changes: 1/4 water change, 2-3 times per week, tap water with added conditioner and a little well dissolved marine aquarium salt. I read that salt also helps to prevent fungus to grow on the fish; so marine salt works as an added bonus to help the fish fight off the disease early.

extra notes: this taller container is only half-filled to make it easier for the fry to find and catch food such as banana worms and minute live critters. I think that I will stick with this selection of plants and decoration for a while. Although I am awaiting 10 x Red Ludwigia Repens plants, and if I can afford it will order a bunch of red Cabomba fern, for a larger aquarium in which I will attempt to keep more than two male killifish. Out-of-view hiding places hopefully will help to prevent conflicts.

PICTURES> back to top

aquarium 2

apart from a slight crop and adjustment in brightness for some, none of the pictures on this page have been colour enhanced or manipulated, only just taken under different light throughout the day

pictures below taken 26.July.2014, Aphanius Mento, Persian Mint killifish fry

pictures below taken 14.July.2014

pictures below taken 11.July.2014, Echinodorus 'Paul Kloecker' plant, again just being amazed by the daily growth of its new leaf (center)

pictures below taken 09.July.2014, aquarium set up

pictures below taken 06.July.2014, Aphanius Mento, Persian Mint killifish fry

pictures below taken early July, Aphanius Mento, Persian Mint killifish baby

pictures below taken 25.June.2014, Aphanius Mento, Persian Mint killifish eggs - Thank you J. ! Having much fun attempting to raise Mints :)

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SET UP> back to top

aquarium 3

Bog wood is ready, it was boiled in salted water and soaked for many days, I'll hopefully be starting to set up aquarium 3 by 14th of July week.

10.July.2014 received a bunch of red Ludwigia Repens aquarium plants, nice pink


PICTURES> back to top

aquarium 3

pictures below taken 03.August.2014

pictures below taken 10.July.2014

pictures below taken 06.July.2014

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SET UP> back to top

aquarium 4

 


PICTURES> back to top

aquarium 4

pictures below taken 24.July.2014

pictures below taken 13.July.2014 onward

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